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|Posté le: Dim 9 Juil - 17:31 (2017) Sujet du message: The Advantage Of Believing
Augustine of Hippo (354-430), or also just Saint Augustine, was a bishop in the Roman city of Hippo Regius, which is currently Annaba, Algeria. In addition to his pastoral work he was a prolific writer. These writings have been credited as the single most significant source of Christian thought in the Western church.
In A.D. 373, the nineteen-year-old Augustine was lured into an attachment with the Manichaeans; in 382, when he came to know one of the most prominent among them, the highly reputed Faustus, the enchantment was dispelled and the attachment ended. While in those nine years Augustine never passed from the lower Manichaean grade of ‘Hearer’ to that of one of the ‘Elect,’ “ his eminence among them was such that his withdrawal occasioned them deep regret. Whatever the extent to which he actually embraced the tenets of the heresy, he certainly acquired a detailed knowledge of Manichaean doctrine and usages, evidence of which is abundant in the long series of works he directed against the Manichaeans, especially in the years between his ordination to the priesthood ( 391 ) and his consecration as bishop (395). Among the earliest of these works and by no means the least important is the present treatise, The Advantage of Believing (De utilitate credendi).
There are the two chief preoccupations of the book : ( 1 ) to vindicate the true position of authority in matters of religion and to justify the priority of belief over reason, and (2) to refute the negative position of the Manichaeans concerning the Old Testament. While the second task is more elaborately accomplished in other writings, the The Advantage of Believing penetrates the first problem in a manner that is deep and close to definitive.
bound: 47 pages
filesize: 922 KB